The Big History, From Start To End

4 min read

The Beginning

Big Bang, 13.8 Billion Years, Or 13 800 Million Years ago

if you think of this 13.6B years as a single year, then every second would be 431 years

humans appeared in the last minutes of the year, and our lives are just miliseconds

Milkyway 13.5B

Sun And Earth 4.5B, or 4500 million years ago

Single Cell Organisms 4.1B

First Multi Cellular Life 600 million years ago

First Fish 530M

First Insects 412M

First Reptiles 315M

First Dinosaurs 230M

First Mammals 210M

End Of Dinosaurs 65M

Last Common Ancestor Of Humans And Chimps 6M

First Humans 3M

First Stone Tools, Fire 2M

They Were Survival Experts

Cooperation Is What Makes Us Different

Language And Writing Enabled Us To Expand, Preserve, Build On Knowledge

Sapiens 200 000 Years

Cave Paintings 30 000 Years

End Of The Last Ice Age, Agriculture, First Temple 12 000 Years

Agriculture Creates Surplus Food -> Enables Specialization -> Creates Social Classes

Food Stock Needs Protection -> Villages -> Cities -> Kingdoms -> Empires -> Wars

First Cities 7500 BC

Copper 5000 BC

Ancient History

Wheel, Ancient Egypt, Sumerians 3500 BC

First Writing 3200 BC

Bronze Age 3000 BC - 1200 BC

Pyramids, Paper 3000 BC

Iron Age 1050 BC - 500 BC

First Chinese dynasty Xia 2070–1600 BC

Babylonian Hammurabi Code 1754 BC

Rome Founded 750 BC

Classical antiquity

centered on the Mediterranean Sea, 480 BC - 476

## Middle Ages

476 Fall Of Western Rome - 1453 Fall Of Eastern Rome

Gunpowder 904, China

Crusades 1096-1291

Black Plague 1300s

America Discovered 1492

The Renaissance 1300 – 1600

1500s

First Newspapers

1600s

Telescope 1608

Steam Engine 1698

Tulip mania (1637)

1700s

Mississippi Company (1720) (France)

French Revolution 1789

Us Founded 1796

Vaccine 1796

1800s

electricity

Napoleon

Dc Motor 1832

Darwin Published On The Origin Of Species 1859

Combustion Engine 1872

Telephone 1879

Ligtbulb 1879

Car 1886

Ac Motor 1887

Radio 1894

Blues

1900s

First Flight 03

The Theory Of Special Relativity 05

10s

Ibm 11

Boeing 11

WW I 14-18

The Theory Of General Relativity 15

20s

Jazz

Country

Bell Labs 25

Edwin Hubble Found Expansion Of Universe 15

Television 27

Great Depression 29-33

30s

WW II 39-45

1939 Hewlett-Packard

40s

45, atomic bomb, start of Nuclear Era

Digital Computer ENIAC 43-44

46 UNIVAC, the first commercial computer for business and government applications.

Transistor 47

Jonas Salk and his team found Polio Vaccine 48-55

Cold War 47-91

Israel founded 48

Chinese Communist Revolution 49

50s

Korean War 50–53

COBOL 53

Fortran 54

DNA double helix 53

Cuban Revolution 53-59

Vietnam War 55–75

Nasa 58

Integrated Circuit 1958

Rock and Roll

60s

Beatles

Scorpions

Pink Floyd

The Rolling Stones

1964: Douglas Engelbart shows a prototype of the modern computer, with a mouse and a graphical user interface (GUI)

Six-Day War 67

Berlin Wall 61-89

Cuban Missile Crisis 62

Martin Luther King Jr. makes “I Have a Dream” speech 63

Kennedy assassinated 63

The Birth of the Internet 65-95

Apollo 1 67

Intel 68

Multics 69

UNIX 69

1970 DRAM, Dynamic Access Memory

Apollo 11, Humans On The Moon July 20, 69, At 20:17 Utc

70s

1971 Floppy Disk

1973 Ethernet

1974-1977: A number of personal computers hit the market

Led Zeppelin

AC/DC

Aerosmith

Queen

Hip Hop

Heavy Metal

Alternative Rock

C programming language 72

Apollo 17 72

First Cell Phone 73

73 Arab–Israeli War, Yom Kippur War

73 oil crisis

ALTAIR 8800 75

Microsoft 75

Apple 76

Apple I 76

Apple II 77

1978 VisiCalc, the first spreadsheet program

79 WordStar, word processing

Camp David Accords 78

Iran Revolution 79

Latin American debt crisis (late 1970s, early 1980s) known as “lost decade”

80s

Guns N’ Roses

Metallica

Nirvana

R.E.M.

Red Hot Chili Peppers

Pixies

Iran-Iraq War 80-88

IBM PC 81

Commodore 64 1982, 64 KB of RAM, $595, sold more than 22 million units

1983: Apple’s Lisa is the first personal computer with a GUI

Macintosh 84, $2,500

1985, The first dot-com domain name is registered, symbolics.com

Aol 85

C++ 85

Windows 1.0 87

CRISPR 87

Tiananmen Square Protests 89

90s

90: Hubble, Imdb, Python, Haskell, Gulf War

The Dissolution Of The Soviet Union, USSR 91

Bosnian War 92-95

93

93

93

93: Dolly cloned, Pentium processor, Mosaic Browser, EU founded

94: Netscape Navigator, Internet Explorer

94 93

Rwandan Genocide 94

Yahoo 94

Amazon 94

PHP 94

Java 96

Ruby 96

JavaScript 96

PostgreSQL 96

1997: Microsoft invests $150 million in Apple

Google 98

Salesforce 98

1999 Wifi

1997 Asian financial crisis

1998 Russian financial crisis

International Space Station Launched 98

2000s

2001: Linkedin, C#, Wikipedia, 9/11, War in Afghanistan (2001–present)

2002: Euro, Spacex

2003: The first 64-bit processor, AMD’s Athlon 64, Safari, Tesla, Iraq War (2003-2011)

2004: Gmail,Fb, Scala, a tsunami from the Indian Ocean earthquake kills over 230,000

2005: Arduino, Reddit, Youtube

2006: Twitter, MacBook Pro, Wii, Goodreads

2007: iPhone, Kindle

2008: Financial Crisis, Macbook Air

2009: Windows 7, Github, Whatsapp, Somali Civil War (2009–present)

2010s

2010: Instagram, Go, Arab Spring (2010-12)

2011: Syrian Civil War (2011-)

2012: iPad, Facebook gains 1 billion users, Chrome, Raspberry Pi

2013:

2014: Libyan Civil War (2014–present)

2015: Rust, Yemeni Civil War (2015-), Windows 10, Apple Watch

2016: The first reprogrammable quantum computer was created, climate change awareness and the Paris Agreement

2017: Istanbul Nightclub Shooting, Trump, Rohingya refugee crisis

2018:

2019: The first-ever image of a supermassive black hole

ISIS

Rohingya persecution

same-sex marriage becomes legal in many countries

increasing use of digital and mobile technologies

rises in populism including the UK voting to leave the EU

2020s

2020: Covid-19, George Floyd

The Future

life on earth will end, sun will die, then most stars will die

at some point, all stars and even black holes will die

heat death, end of universe.


in the grand scheme of things, our lives are a brief glimpse of light

so petty are ideologies, nations, religions, money, power, pleasure, pain..

life is brief, enjoy it

May 29, 2020