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Leadership of humans is like gardening. You plant the seeds and you provide the water. The plant itself is the only part of the whole system that can do the actual growing. Giant trees grow from seeds, but nobody makes that happen.
Rational persuasion, show how it is relevant
Collaboration, step in and resolve problems
Participation, ask them to take part in process
Exchange, offer a desired resource
Personal appeals, friendship or loyalty
Apprising, explain why this benefits her
Inspirational, create strong emotions
Legitimating, a higher order says so
Pressure, the last resort
Followers should feel them as authentic and sincere.
Diagnose, listen, understand the real reason
Show you consider pros and cons and approach even-handedly and fairly
Clarify false beliefs
Set achievable goals
Broke large goals into small ones
Explain why, how, what
Empower them to act and be creative
One caution is that punishment should be used sparingly and only in extreme cases because it can lead to resentment.
high morale-> effective leadership, shared effort, trust, and mutual respect.
Lead by example
It means putting the organization and subordinates above personal self-interest, career, and comfort.
A leader who projects confidence is an inspiration to followers. Subordinates will follow leaders who are comfortable with their own abilities and will question the leader who shows doubt.
A leader who shows hesitation in the face of setbacks can trigger a chain reaction among others.
Overconfidence is bad too
It does not take long for followers to become suspicious of a leader who acts confident but does not have the competence to back it up.
Effective leaders connect with their followers by sharing hardships and communicating openly to clearly see and feel what goes on from a subordinate’s perspective.
Military and civilian leaders must ask: would I readily do what I am asking them to do?
Creates shared understanding
watch your own thoughts from a distance
draw a sharp line between your thoughts and your speech.
mark of strength is not to take yourself too seriously
January 1, 2020